AvianBrain.org

Avian Brain Nomenclature History Table

Edinger et al 1903

Edinger 1908

Ariens Kappers 1909

Ariens Kappers 1922

Ariens Kappers 1928

Huber, Crosby 1929

Ariens Kappers, Huber, Crosby 1936

Karten, Hodos 1968

Nomenclature Forum 2002 Reiner et al 2004

Neoencephalon

(enormous in mammals)

Pallium (mammals)

Pallium

Pallium

Pallium

Pallium

*-

Pallium

Paleopallium (olfactory –piriform cortex, fish have this only)

Paleocortex

Paleopallium

Paleopallium

Paleocortex (pyriform cortex and bulb)

Paleocortex (pyriform cortex, olfactory bulb)

Pyriform cortex, olfactory Bulb

Pyriform cortex, olfactory bulb

(homologous)

Archipallium (hippocampus)

Archicortex

Archipallium

Archipallium

Archipallium (hippocampus)

Archipallium (bird not homologous to mammal)

Hippocampus

Hippocampus

(homologous)

Neopallium (rest of cortex only in mammals)

Neocortex




Corticoid Area (neocortex)

Dorsolateral Corticoid Area

Corticoid Area

(no homology det)

Paleoencephalon (enormous in birds)

-

Ventral portion

Ventral portion

Striatal Areas


*-


Hyperstriatum

-

Hyperstriatum superius (cluastrum)

Hyperstriatum (unique to birds)

Hyperstriatum (unique to birds; divided into 4 parts: dorsal part *Wulst or accessorium, intercalatus, dorsale, & ventrale; ventrale further divided into ventrodorsale ventroventrale)

Hyperstriatum accesorium or Wulst (pallium-like cortex)

Hyperstriatum- intercalatus, dorsale, & ventrale (pallium-like cortex)

Hyperstriatum- accessorium, intercalates, dorsale, & ventrale; ventrale divided into ventrodorsale ventroventrale

Hyperpallium- apicale, intercalatum, densocellulare

Mesopallium-

dorsale, ventrale

Striatal Areas



Hyperstriatum inferius

Neostriatum (caudate-putamen)

Neostriatum (caudate-putamen)

Neostriatum (putamen)

Neostriatum, to include ** Field L, Ectostriatum, Nucleus basalis

Nidopallium, to include L, Entopallium, Basorostralis

Epistriatum (amygdala)

-

Archistriatum (amygdala)

Archistriatum (amygdala)

Archistriatum or Amygdaloid Complex (amygdala)

Archistriatum (amygdala), includes nucleus taeniae


Archistriatum

Arcopallium

Amygdaloid Complex -posterior amygdala

Nucleus taeniae

-



Nucleus taeniae



Ektostriatum (Rose’s L in 1914)

-



Ektostriatum (not L, no homologies)

Ectostriatum (no homologies)


Subpallium

Mesostriatum - (globus pallidus), lobus parolfactorius, nucleus basalis

-

Paleostriatum augmentatum (globus pallidus)

Paleostriatum augmentatum (globus pallidus)

Paleostriatum augmentatum (maybe caudate)

Paleostriatum augmentatum (maybe caudate and putamen)

Paleostriatum augmentatum

Striatum-

lateral,

medial

(homologous)

Lobus Parolfactorius

Nucleus entopedunculus

-

Paleostriatum primitivum (globus pallidus)

Paleostriatum primitivum (globus pallidus)

Paleostriatum primitivum (globus pallidus)

Paleostriatum primitivum (globus pallidus)

Paleostriatum primitivum

Globus pallidus,

Ventral pallidum

(homologous)





Nucleus basalis

Nucleus basalis










Amygdaloid Complex- Nucleus taeniae,





*Wulst from Kalischer’s (1905) Unterwulst


*pallial and subpallial regions not specified, but did say that below LMD is probably basal ganglia








*Field L from Rose’s (1914) Field L.