Table 1. New Terminology for Brainstem Cell Groups

Structure & Karten-Hodos (or other) Term for Structure Karten-Hodos
(or other)
Abbreviation
Latin Name Adopted by Forum Abbreviation for Latin Name Adopted by Forum English Name Adopted by Forum Abbreviation for English Name Adopted by Forum Comments References Pertinent to the New Name
Nucleus intermedius of the medulla IM Nucleus nervi hypoglossi nXII Hypoglossal nucleus - the twelfth cranial nerve nucleus nXII This error in the Karten and Hodos atlas has long been known Nottebohm et al., 1976
Wild & Zeigler, 1980
Wild, 1981
Nucleus nervi hypoglossi - the twelfth cranial nerve nucleus nXII Nucleus supraspinalis SSp Supraspinal nucleus SSp This error in the Karten and Hodos atlas has long been known Wild, 1981
Eden & Correia, 1982
Zijlstra & Dubbeldam, 1994
Locus ceruleus - caudal part Caudal LoC Locus ceruleus LoC Locus ceruleus
or A6
LoC
or A6
Noradrenergic neurons of A6 as defined by Dahlström & Fuxe, 1984 Kitt & Brauth, 1986a
Bailhache & Balthazart, 1993
Reiner et al., 1994
Von Bartheld & Bothwell, 1992
Locus ceruleus - rostral part Rostral LoC None None A8 A8 Dopaminergic neurons of A8 as defined by Dahlström & Fuxe, 1984 Von Bartheld & Bothwell, 1992
Reiner et al., 1994
Puelles and Medina, 1994
Smeets and Reiner, 1994
Nucleus tegmenti-pedunculopontinus, pars compacta, except lateral edge TPc, except for lateral edge Substantia nigra, pars compacta SNc Substantia nigra, pars compacta
or A9
SNc
or A9
Dopaminergic neurons of A9 as defined by Dahlström & Fuxe, 1984 Lewis et al., 1981
Kitt & Brauth, 1986b
Bailhache & Balthazart, 1993
Reiner et al., 1994
Puelles and Medina, 1994
Smeets and Reiner, 1994
Lateral edge of nucleus tegmenti-pedunculopontinus, pars compacta, plus small area lateral to TPc Lateral part of TPc and a small region lateral to it Substantia nigra, pars reticulata SNr Substantia nigra, pars reticulata SNr Previously called substantia nigra, pars lateralis in birds, but switching to SNr indicates homology to mammal SNr Veenman & Reiner, 1994
Reiner et al., 1998
Medina & Reiner, 1997
Area ventralis (Tsai) AVT Area ventralis tegmenti AVT Ventral tegmental area or A10 VTA
or A10
Dopaminergic neurons of A10 as defined by Dahlström & Fuxe, 1984 Lewis, et al., 1981
Bailhache & Balthazart, 1993
Reiner et al., 1994
Puelles & Medina, 1994
Smeets & Reiner, 1994
Partly identified as nucleus profundus mesencephali pars ventralis Partly identified as MPv Nucleus pedunculopontinus tegmenti PPT Pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus PPT Cholinergic cell group of isthmic region; English term commonly used Medina & Reiner, 1994
Woolf, 1991
Region medial to ansa lenticularis identified as anterior nucleus of ansa lenticularis in Karten & Dubbeldam (1973) ALa Nucleus subthalamicus STN Subthalamic nucleus STN English term more commonly used for mammals Reiner et al., 1998
Jiao et al., 2000

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