Table 2. New Terminology for Subpallial Cell Groups

Structure & Karten-Hodos (or other) Term for Structure Karten-Hodos
(or other)
Abbreviation
Latin Name Adopted by Forum Abbreviation for Latin Name Adopted by Forum English Name Adopted by Forum Abbreviation for English Name Adopted by Forum Comments References Pertinent to the New Name
Lobus parolfactorius LPO Striatum mediale StM Medial striatum MSt English term more commonly used than Latin term Reiner et al., 1998
Puelles et al., 2000
Area X within male songbird LPO first named by Nottebohm et al., 1976 X Area X X Area X X Continued use of the entrenched term Area X recommended by Forum Nottebohm et al., 1976
Bottjer et al., 1989
Vocal control region in parrot LPO termed magnocellular nucleus of LPO LPOm Striatum mediale, pars magnocellularis StMm Magnocellular part of medial striatum MStm Comparable to area X, but independently evolved Ball, 1994
Striedter, 1994
Durand et al., 1997
Paleostriatum augmentatum PA Striatum laterale StL Lateral striatum LSt English term more commonly used than Latin term Reiner et al., 1998
Puelles et al., 2000
Paleostriatum primitivum PP Globus pallidus GP Globus pallidus GP Use of globus pallidus for birds emphasizes homology to mammalian GP Karten & Dubbeldam, 1973
Medina and Reiner, 1997
Reiner et al., 1998
Puelles et al., 2000
Nucleus intrapeduncularis INP Nucleus intrapeduncularis INP Intrapeduncular nucleus INP Subpallial region unique to birds and has largely striatal traits Karten & Dubbeldam, 1973
Reiner et al., 1984
Reiner et al., 1998b
Ventromedial part of rostral lobus parolfactorius no abbreviation since not recognized as a distinct region Nucleus accumbens
(ventromedial rostral LPO)
Ac Nucleus accumbens
(ventromedial rostral LPO)
Ac Precise borders remain undefined Reiner et al., 1983
Berk, 1987
Veenman et al., 1995
Tuberculum olfactorium TO Tuberculum olfactorium TuO Olfactory tubercle OTu Homologous to structure of same name in mammals Reiner & Karten, 1985
Reiner et al., 1998
Roberts et al., 2002
Unnamed circumscribed region between LPO and quintofrontal tract No abbreviation since no name assigned for GABAergic neurons in MFB (FPM)1 Pallidum ventrale PVt Ventral pallidum VP Large scattered GABAergic neurons in MFB (FPM)1 homologous to mammalian cell group of same name Brauth et al., 1978
Reiner et al., 1984
Veenman & Reiner, 1994
Medina and Reiner, 1997
Nucleus accumbens Ac Nucleus striae terminalis lateralis NSTL Lateral part of the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis BSTL Erroneously identified as nucleus accumbens in Karten and Hodos Berk, 1987
Reiner et al., 1994
Aste et al., 1998
Unnamed region around the lateral edge of the anterior commissure No name assigned in Karten & Hodos (1967) Nucleus striae terminalis medialis NSTM Medial part of the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis BSTM Homology to mammalian cell group of same name supported by neurochemical, hodological and functional similarity Aste et al., 1998
Jurkevic et al., 1999
Region encompassing FPL and unnamed circumscribed region between LPO and QF No name assigned in Karten & Hodos (1967) for cholinergic neurons in LFB2 & MFB1 Nucleus basalis magnocellularis NBM Basal magnocellular cholinergic nucleus NBM Large cholinergic neurons scattered in LFB2 & MFB1; overlaps Ventral pallidum Mesulam et al., 1984
Woolf, 1991
Medina & Reiner, 1994
Region of fasciculus of diagonal band FDB Nucleus diagonalis Brocae NDB Nucleus of the diagonal band NDB Cholinergic neurons in and around FDB Mesulam et al., 1984
Woolf, 1991
Medina & Reiner, 1994
Nucleus septalis medialis SM Nucleus septalis medialis SM Medial septal nucleus SM   Mesulam et al., 1984
Woolf, 1991
Medina & Reiner, 1994
Nucleus septalis lateralis SL Nucleus septalis lateralis SL Lateral septal nucleus SL   Reiner et al., 1994
Smeets & Reiner, 1994
1 MFB (FPM) – Medial forebrain bundle (fasciculus prosencephali medialis)
2 LFB (FPL) – Lateral forebrain bundle (fasciculus prosencephali lateralis)

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